Legio IX Hispana History
The IX was one of the oldest Legions in the Roman Imperial Army. Where the Legion was raised is unknown. The origin of the legion is uncertain, but Caesar is known to have found a Ninth Legion already based in Gaul in 58 BCE, where it remained during the whole campaign of the Gallic wars.
Caesar's Ninth Legion fought in the battles of Dyrrhachium and Pharsalus (48 BCE) and in the African campaign of 46 BCE. After his final victory, Caesar disbanded the legion and settled the veterans in the area of Picenum.
Following Caesar's assassination, Octavian recalled the veterans of the Ninth to fight against the rebellion of Sextus Pompeius in Sicily. After defeating Sextus, they were sent to the province of Macedonia. The Ninth remained with Octavian in his war of 31 BCE against Mark Antony and fought by his side in the battle of Actium. With Octavian as sole ruler of the Roman world, the legion was sent to Hispania to take part in the large-scale campaign against the Cantabrians (25–13 BCE). The nickname Hispana ("stationed in Spain") is first found during the reign of Augustus and probably originated at this time.
After this, the legion was probably a member of the imperial army in the Rhine border that was campaigning against the Germanic tribes. Following the abandonment of the Eastern Rhine area after the disaster of the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest , the Ninth was relocated in Pannonia.
Invasion of Britain
In 43 CE they probably participated in the Roman invasion of Britain led by emperor Claudius and general Aulus Plautius, because they soon appear amongst the provincial garrison. In 50 CE, the Ninth was one of two legions that defeated the forces of Caratacus at Caer Caradoc. Around 50 CE, the legion constructed a fort, Lindum Colonia, at Lincoln. Under the command of Caesius Nasica they put down the first revolt of Venutius between 52 and 57. The Ninth suffered a serious defeat under Quintus Petillius Cerialis in the rebellion of Boudica (61) and was later reinforced with legionaries from the Germania provinces. Around 71 CE, they constructed a new fortress at York (Eboracum), as shown by finds of tile-stamps from the site.
Il n'y a pas de forum, juste un groupe steam !!
La IXe légion est composé d'anglophone
Veuillez me contacter si vous êtes intéressé !!
Membre du 91st Argyllshire Highlanders :
Instructeur Auxiliaire de la DaG